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Anagallis arvensis var. caerulea (L.) Gouan

Anagalis arvensis-Mytilini-Lesvos.jpg <i><b>Glaucium flavum</i></b> Crantz, 1763||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/02/27/20110227182806-10462474-th.jpg>Thumbnails<i><b>Anemone coronaria</b></i> Linnaeus, 1753 ||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/02/27/20110227151050-629fae5b-th.jpg><i><b>Glaucium flavum</i></b> Crantz, 1763||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/02/27/20110227182806-10462474-th.jpg>Thumbnails<i><b>Anemone coronaria</b></i> Linnaeus, 1753 ||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/02/27/20110227151050-629fae5b-th.jpg><i><b>Glaucium flavum</i></b> Crantz, 1763||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/02/27/20110227182806-10462474-th.jpg>Thumbnails<i><b>Anemone coronaria</b></i> Linnaeus, 1753 ||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/02/27/20110227151050-629fae5b-th.jpg><i><b>Glaucium flavum</i></b> Crantz, 1763||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/02/27/20110227182806-10462474-th.jpg>Thumbnails<i><b>Anemone coronaria</b></i> Linnaeus, 1753 ||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/02/27/20110227151050-629fae5b-th.jpg><i><b>Glaucium flavum</i></b> Crantz, 1763||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/02/27/20110227182806-10462474-th.jpg>Thumbnails<i><b>Anemone coronaria</b></i> Linnaeus, 1753 ||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/02/27/20110227151050-629fae5b-th.jpg><i><b>Glaucium flavum</i></b> Crantz, 1763||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/02/27/20110227182806-10462474-th.jpg>Thumbnails<i><b>Anemone coronaria</b></i> Linnaeus, 1753 ||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/02/27/20110227151050-629fae5b-th.jpg>

Anagallis arvensis var. caerulea (L.) Gouan
Common names : Scarlet pimpernel, Red pimpernel, Red chickweed, Poorman's barometer, Poor man's weather-glass, Shepherd's weather glass, Shepherd's clock [En], Mouron rouge, mouron des champs [Fr], Rood guichelheil [Nl], Acker-Gauchheil [De], Pimpinela escarlata [Es], Centonchio [It], Αναγαλλίς [Gr], Fare kulağı [Tu]

Mytilini, Lesvos ● Greece

Description: Low plant, with prostrate or ascending, 4angled stems. The flowers are blue, red, sometimes pink or whitish, 4-7mm, long-stalked.
Scarlet pimpernel has weak sprawling stems growing to about 50 cm long, which bear bright green ovate sessile leaves in opposite pairs. The small orange, red or blue flowers are produced in the leaf axils from spring to autumn. The petal margins are somewhat crenate and have small glandular hairs.
Blue-flowered plants are common in some areas, such as the Mediterranean region, and should not be confused with the related Blue pimpernel, Anagallis foemina, which has lanceolate leaves.

Habitat: cultivated, fallow and waste ground, hillslopes, roadsides, coastal sands.

Biology: The small, bright scarlet flowers open at around 8 am each day, and close at 3 pm. They also close during humid or damp weather. When it is ripe, the fruit capsule at the centre of the flower splits open, with the top section hinging backwards to allow the release of the tiny seeds within. Flowering: April-October.

Distribution: Europe and western Asia.

References
Blaey M., Grey-Wilson C., 2005.
Wild Flowers of the Mediterranean, A&C Black, London.
Wikipedia, Anagallis arvensis
Arkive





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