Neottia ovata (L.) Bluff & Fingerh., 1837
Syn : Listera ovata (L.) Bluff & Fingerh., 1837
Common names: Common Twayblade [En], Grande Listère, Listère à feuilles ovales [Fr], Grote keverorchis [Nl], Großes Zweiblatt [De], Listera maggiore [It], Eléboro blanco [Es], Νεότια (Λιστέρα) η ωοειδής [Gr], Çalı salebi [Tu]
IUCN Status: LC (Least Concern)
Seilles, NAMUR ● Belgium
Description: It is a short to medium, rhizomatous plant. The stem is erect, hairy above. It has only 2 oval leaves, low down at the base of the stem, dull green, prominently ribbed.
The yellowish green flowers are small, numerous in slender spike-like raceme with tiny bracts, stalked 7 to 15 mm pendant, notched at the end, spurless.
Biology: It flowers from May to July.
Habitat: Shrubs and light woods, meadows and pastures, generally in semi-shade. The species can be found up to 2,400 m altitude.
Distribution: Neottia ovata is a European species but the range extends into Asia. In Europe the species is found north to Iceland, northern Scandinavia and south to the Mediterranean including Italy, Greece, and eastwards to Crimea and the Caucasus. It is very widespread and common in the temperate zone, but rare in Mediterranean Europe.
The species has been introduced in North America.
Rankou H., 2011. Neottia ovata, The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.