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Panurus biarmicus Linnaeus, 1758 ♂

Panurus biarmicus-M-Bugyi-Pest.jpg <b><i>Panurus biarmicus</b></i> Linnaeus, 1758 ♀||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2020/01/24/20200124183909-3aa11d0c-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Numenius arquata arquata</b></i> Linnaeus, 1758||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2020/01/30/20200130200653-1ff965dc-th.jpg><b><i>Panurus biarmicus</b></i> Linnaeus, 1758 ♀||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2020/01/24/20200124183909-3aa11d0c-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Numenius arquata arquata</b></i> Linnaeus, 1758||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2020/01/30/20200130200653-1ff965dc-th.jpg><b><i>Panurus biarmicus</b></i> Linnaeus, 1758 ♀||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2020/01/24/20200124183909-3aa11d0c-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Numenius arquata arquata</b></i> Linnaeus, 1758||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2020/01/30/20200130200653-1ff965dc-th.jpg><b><i>Panurus biarmicus</b></i> Linnaeus, 1758 ♀||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2020/01/24/20200124183909-3aa11d0c-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Numenius arquata arquata</b></i> Linnaeus, 1758||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2020/01/30/20200130200653-1ff965dc-th.jpg>

Panurus biarmicus Linnaeus, 1758 ♂
Common names: Bearded Reedling [En], Panure à moustaches, Mésange à moustaches [Fr], Baardman [Nl], Bartmeise [De], Basettino [It], Bigotudo [Es], Μουστακαλής [Gr], Bıyıklı baştankara [Tu], Barkóscinege [Hu]

IUCN Status: LC (Least Concern)

Bugyi, PEST ● Hungary

Description: This is a small orange-brown bird of 16.5 cm length, with a long tail and an undulating flight..
The male has a grey head and black moustaches (not a beard). The lower tail coverts are also black. The bill is yellow-orange
The female is generally paler, with no black moustache.
Young females have dark bill, young males yellow bill and black lore. Juveniles have black patch on back and black outer tail feathers.

Biology: The diet is mostly invertebrates and their larvae in the summer and vegetable matter in the late autumn and winter; its digestive system changing to cope with the very different seasonal diets.
In the western Palaearctic it breeds from late March to early September. Both sexes build the nest which is a deep cup-shaped structure of dead reed blades and other marsh-plant leaves, lined with flowering reed-heads and often also feathers and occasionally mammal hair. It is nearly always roofed by sheltering vegetation and is sited amongst close-growing and typically more or less vertical stems of reeds, sedges and other marsh vegetation. Clutches are most commonly four to eight eggs. Populations in Europe are mainly fairly sedentary, but are subject to eruptive post-breeding and wintering movements.

Habitat: This species is a wetland specialist, breeding colonially in large reed beds by lakes or swamps. This species is found in extensive reedbeds (Phragmites) and is associated with dense non-woody vegetation in and beside fresh and brackish water, or immediately adjoining marshes and swamps. It also uses the tussocky edges of reedbeds, stands of reeds and bulrushes (Typha) in marshes and shores of lakes and rivers.

Distribution: The bearded reedling is a species of temperate Europe and Asia. It is resident, and most birds do not migrate other than eruptive or cold weather movements. It is vulnerable to hard winters, which may kill many birds.

References:
BirdLife International 2015. Panurus biarmicus . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015
Wikipedia, Bearded reedling
Nord University



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