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Numenius arquata arquata Linnaeus, 1758

Numenius arquata-Apaj-Pest.jpg <b><i>Panurus biarmicus</b></i> Linnaeus, 1758 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2020/01/24/20200124183910-fb3a0c4d-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Anas crecca</b></i> Linnaeus, 1758 ♀||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2020/02/01/20200201144554-3c39a969-th.jpg><b><i>Panurus biarmicus</b></i> Linnaeus, 1758 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2020/01/24/20200124183910-fb3a0c4d-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Anas crecca</b></i> Linnaeus, 1758 ♀||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2020/02/01/20200201144554-3c39a969-th.jpg><b><i>Panurus biarmicus</b></i> Linnaeus, 1758 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2020/01/24/20200124183910-fb3a0c4d-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Anas crecca</b></i> Linnaeus, 1758 ♀||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2020/02/01/20200201144554-3c39a969-th.jpg><b><i>Panurus biarmicus</b></i> Linnaeus, 1758 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2020/01/24/20200124183910-fb3a0c4d-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Anas crecca</b></i> Linnaeus, 1758 ♀||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2020/02/01/20200201144554-3c39a969-th.jpg>

Numenius arquata arquata Linnaeus, 1758
Common names: Eurasian Curlew [En], Courlis cendré [Fr], Wulp [Nl], Großer Brachvogel [De], Chiurlo maggiore [It], Zarapito real (Es], (Ευρασιατική) Τουρλίδα, Νερομπεκάτσα, Τουρλίδα [Gr], Büyük Kervançulluğu, Kervan Çulluğu [Tu], Nagy póling [Hu]

IUCN Status: NT (Near Threatened)

Apaj Alsó, PEST ● Hungary

Description: Large wader of 55 cm length, with long down-curved bill. The brown plumage is mottled or streaked with whiter belly and undertail. In flight, it show pointed whitish rump and barred tail as well as mottled whitish underwings. The outer primaries are contrastingly dark and the flight slow and gull-like.

Subspecies:
N. a. arquata Linnaeus, 1758 – British Is and France across W Europe (N to Arctic Circle) and E to R Volga and Urals; winters from Iceland and British Is S to Mediterranean and NW Africa, and E to Persian Gulf and W India.
N. a. suschkini Neumann, 1929 – lower R Volga and Urals E to SW Siberia and N Kazakhstan; winters along coasts of sub-Saharan Africa and SW Asia.
N. a. orientalis C. L. Brehm, 1831 – C Siberia E through C Russia to NE China (C Heilongjiang); winters in E & S Africa, Madagascar, and from S Caspian Sea S to Persian Gulf and E through S Asia to E China and S Japan, and S to Philippines and Greater Sundas.

Biology: Its diet consists chiefly of annelid worms and terrestrial insects (e.g. Coleoptera and Orthoptera) especially during the summer, although it will also take crustaceans, molluscs, polychaete worms, spiders, berries and seeds, as well as occasionally small fish, amphibians, lizards, young birds and small rodents.
Most populations of this species are fully migratory and breed from April to August in solitary territorial pairs, occasionally also forming small colonies. After breeding adults gather on coasts (from July onwards) for the post-breeding moult before migrating south to the wintering grounds between July and November. The species departs its wintering grounds again from February through to May, although non-breeders may remain in the wintering areas all-year-round. During the winter the species usually forages singly or in small groups occasionally aggregating into flocks of several thousand individuals, especially at roosting sites.
The nest is a shallow depression on the ground or on a mound in the open or in the cover of grass or sedge.

Habitat: The species breeds on upland moors, peat bogs, swampy and dry heathlands, fens, open grassy or boggy areas in forests, damp grasslands, meadows, non-intensive farmland in river valleys, dune valleys and coastal marshlands.
During the winter the species frequents muddy coasts, bays and estuaries with tidal mudflats and sandflats, rocky and sandy beaches with many pools, mangroves, saltmarshes, coastal meadows and pasture and muddy shores of coastal lagoons, inland lakes and rivers. It also utilises wet grassland and arable fields during migration.

Distribution: The species nests in Eurasia, from the British islands to the Amur river, from Scandinavia to S France, from S. Ukraine to Northern Mongolia.

References:
BirdLife International 2017. Numenius arquata . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017




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