Orchis anatolica Boiss., 1844
Common names: Anatolian Orchis [En], Anatolisches Knabenkraut [De], Ορχις η ανατολική [Gr], Anadolu Salebi [Tu]
SAMOS ● Greece
Description: This is a delicate-looking species, reaching 30 to 40 cm in height. The flower spike has 2-15 large flowers rose-purple, seldom white. The sepals (5-)7-11 × 3.5-4 mm, are spreading or ± reflexed, ovate-obtuse. The ovate, 3-lobed labellum, nearly 10-15 mm, usually has purple dots and lines along the centre part. The lateral lobes are obliquely rhombic, truncate and the middle lobe ± rectangular to cuneate-oblong, truncate or slightly emarginate. The spur with distinctly dilated orifice, is slender, longer than ovary, to 3 cm, ± directed upwards with up-curved tip.
Biology: It flowers from March to May.
Habitat: macchie, pine forest, shrublands, stony soils, between 0-1650 m asl. (Renz and Taubenheim, 1984)
Distribution: Southern Aegean Islands, Turkey (West and South Anatolia), Cyprus, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, North Irak, North-West Iran.
Threats: Orchidaceae family is threatened globally due to 1) degradation of habitats, 2) collection.
Delforge P., 2005. Guide des Orchidées d’Europe, d’Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient, Les guides du naturalistes, Delachaux et Niestlé.
Flora of the Van Lake Basin
Altundag E. et al., 2012. Studies on the chorology, ecology, morphology and conservation strategies of Orchis anatolica Boiss (Orchidaceae), J. Environ. Biol. 33, 325-333.