Cyclamen alpinum Springer
Syn.: Cyclamen trochopteranthum Schwarz
Common names: Anatolian Cyclamen, Wheel-wing Cyclamen [En], Siklamen, Tavşankulağı [Tu]
Çığlıkara Nature Reserve, Elmalı, ANTALYA ● Turkey
Taxonomy: C. trochopteranthum has a confused history, having been identified in the last part of the 19th Century and described as Cyclamen alpinum. It remained known as C. alpinum until described in 1975 as Cyclamen trochopteranthum by Otto Schwarz.
C. trochopteranthum described in 1975 is today describe again as Cyclamen alpinum.
Description: The most outstanding feature is the propeller-like appearance of the flowers which is caused by the petals being only reflexed by 90º (rather than the usual 180º) and then slightly twisted. Flowers have 5 petals, between pale rose-pink and deep carmine-pink with a dark magenta-purple blotch at the base of each petal.
The flowers are fragrant - honey-scented. Tubers are broadly ovate and hollow in the centre.
Leaves are oval to round, green and often variegated with silver above (unlike the similar species Cyclamen parviflorum, which is entirely green) and red-purple below.
Biology: The leaves appears in autumn, but it flowers in early spring and has a long flowering period blooms (from February to April).
Habitat: Pinus brutia or Juniperus excelsa forest, or under Cedrus libani or Liquidamber orientalis, or under Laurus nobilis and Ceratonia siliqua shrubs, amongst tree roots or rocks, at altitudes from 350-1500m (1,150 - 4,920 ft).
Distribution: limited area in south-west Anatolia, Turkey, especially in Antalya, Muğla, Denizli, Burdur and Isparta.
Etymology: Cyclamen comes from Greek κυκλάμινον | kyklàminon, probably from κύκλος | kýklos, "circle", because of the round tuber. The name trochopteranthum comes from Greek τροχός | trochós, "wheel" and πτερόν | pterón, "feather", "wing", probably meaning "propeller" and ἄνθος | ánthos, "flower".
Wikipedia, Cyclamen alpinum
Bürun B. & Şahin O., 2009. In vitro and in vivo germination of Cyclamen alpinum seeds, Turk J Bot 33, 277-283. doi:10.3906/bot-0709-8