Sunset on Euphrates
Yeşilözen, Halfeti, ŞANLIURFA ● Turkey
silently flowing into the Persian Gulf for thousands of years,
delivering bounty and prosperity to humankind,
this magnificent river, called Mala by the Hittites,
was the source of all of the civilizations that had thrived on these lands,
past and present".
(A. Ümit, Patasana, 2000)
The Euphrates (الفرات, al-Furāt [Ar], Fırat [Tu]) is the longest and one of the most historically important rivers of Western Asia. Together with the Tigris, it is one of the two defining rivers of Mesopotamia.
Originating in eastern Turkey, the Euphrates flows through Syria and Iraq to join the Tigris in the Shatt al-Arab, which empties into the Persian Gulf.
The Euphrates emerges from the confluence of the Kara Su or Western Euphrates (450 km) and the Murat Su or Eastern Euphrates (650 km) 10 km upstream from the town of Keban in Turkey.
The length of the Euphrates from the source of the Murat Su to the confluence with the Tigris is 3,000 km, of which 1,230 km falls in Turkey, 710 km in Syria and 1,060 km in Iraq.
The flowers on the foreground are Salvia viridis and Ranunculus asiaticus.