Primula elatior (L.) Hill subsp. elatior
Common names: Oxlip [En], Primevère élevée, Primevère des bois [Fr], Slanke sleutelbloem [Nl], Hohe Schlüsselblume [De], Primula maggiore [It], Çuha çiçeği [Tu]
Meise, BRABANT ● Belgium
Description: It is a low growing herbaceous perennial plant with a rosette of leaves 5–15 cm long and 2–6 cm broad. The light yellow flowers are produced in the spring between April and May; they are in clusters of 10-30 together on a single stem 10–30 cm tall, each flower 9–15 mm broad.
It may be confused with the closely related Primula veris (cowslip) which has a similar general appearance although P. veris has smaller, bellshaped, bright yellow flowers (and red dots inside the flower), and a corolla tube without folds. The leaves of P. veris are more spade-shaped than P.elatior.
Several subspecies are known :
• Primula elatior (L.) Hill subsp. carpatica (Griseb. & Schenck) Nyman
• Primula elatior subsp. corcontica (Domin) Kovanda
• Primula elatior (L.) Hill subsp. elatior
• Primula elatior subsp. intricata (Gren & Godr) Widmer, 1891
• Primula elatior subsp. leucophylla
• Primula elatior subsp. lofthousei
• Primula elatior subsp. meyeri: flowers lavender to deep purple-violet and throat yellowish-orange. Found in Caucasus, Georgia and NE Turkey.
• Primula elatior (L.) Hill subsp. pallasii Lehm.) W.W.Sm. & Forrest: Leaf lamina glabrous to shortly pilose beneath, obovate to elliptic, found from NE Turkey to Central Russia and Transcaucasia.
• Primula elatior subsp. pseudoelatior: Leaf lamina ± densely tomentose beneath, ovate or elliptic, found in Turkey.
• Primula elatior subsp. tatrensis (Domin) Soó
Habitat: Nutrient- and calcium-rich damp woods and meadows.
Distribution: Throughout Europe with northern borders in Denmark and southern parts of Sweden, eastwards to Altai Mountains and on the Kola Peninsula in Russia.
Wikipedia, Primula elatior