Delphinium peregrinum L.
Common names: Larkspur [En], Pied d’alouette, Dauphinelle [Fr], Sophienrauke [De], Καρφοχόρταρο [Gr], Yaban kuşayağı [Tu]
Güzelçamlı, AYDIN ● Turkey
Etymology: The scientific name is taken from Dioscorides and describes the shape of the bud, which is thought to look like a (rather fat) dolphin.
Description: Median cauline leaves dissected into linear-lanceolate laciniae, upper leaves linear-lanceolate. The leaves are deeply lobed with 3-7 toothed, pointed lobes. The main flowering stem is erect, and varies greatly in size between the species, from 10 cm in some alpine species, up to 2 m tall in the larger meadowland species; it is topped by many flowers, varying between purple, blue, red, yellow or white. Flowers dusky violet, 20-25 mm, crisped pubescent. Blade of lower petals ± included, obovate, gradually attenuate into a ± equal claw; spur c. 2 x sepals. Follicles oblong, 5-9 mm, often pilose. The flower has five petals which grow together to form a hollow flower with a spur at the end, which gives the plant its name. Bracts about as long as pedicels. The seeds are small and shiny black.
Biology: Flowering from June to August. Despite the toxicity, Delphinium species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Dot Moth and Small Angle Shades.
Habitat: Calcareous slopes, fallow fields, vineyards, etc., s.l.-1300 m.
Distribution: North Africa, Southern Europe, Western Asia. Mostly a East Mediterranean species.
Flowers of Jordan