Lilium candidum Linnaeus, 1753
Common names: Madonna Lily [En], Lis blanc, Lis candide, Lis de la Madone [Fr], Madonnen-Lilie, Weisse Lilie [De], Ak Zambak [Tu]
Dilek Peninsula, Güzelçamlı, AYDIN ● Turkey (alt. c. 800m)
History: L. candidum has been introduced to South Europe by the Romans. It is one of the oldest (ornamental) plants known to be cultivated by manking.
Description: Bulbous perennial of 50-180 cm. Rosette of leaves appears in September and survives winter; these leaves are spatulate to ovate and about 7 x 3-4 cm. In spring the stalk scattered all over with small dark-green lanceolate leaves is formed. Flowers appears in summer in a raceme, trumpet-shaped, fragrant, silky texture, large pure white tepals with yellow stamens.
Biology: It is in leaf 7-Oct It is in flower in July, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by bees.
Habitat: meadows, woodland, sunny edges, gardens, rocky slopes, scrubs. 10-1300m.
Distribution: Balkans and West Asia (Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey, Israel, Lebanon, Syria). Rarely found in nature. Naturalized in Europe around the Mediterranean. One of the oldest cultivated plants.
Uses : The bulb and the flowers are astringent, highly demulcent, emmenagogue, emollient and expectorant. The plant is mainly used externally, being applied as a poultice to tumours, ulcers, external inflammations etc.
The flowers are harvested when fully open and used fresh for making juice, ointments or tinctures. The essential oil is used in perfumery.
Plants For A Future
The genus Lilium