Echinops sphaerocephalus Linnaeus, 1753
Common names: Great globe thistle [En], Echinops à tête ronde, Oursin à têtes rondes [Fr], Kogeldistel [Nl], Drüsenblättrige Kugeldistel [De], Topuz [Tu]
Küçükbahçe, İZMİR ● Turkey
Etymology: Echinops comes from the ancient Greek έχίνος, sea urchin or hedgehog and όψις, aspect, look; sphaerocephalus comes from σφαίρα, sphere and κεφαλή, head.
Description: Glandular, woolly perennial up to 2 m. Its erect, branching gray stems bear the occasional sharply toothed, sharp-lobed pointed green leaf. They are sticky hairy above, and white woolly below.
Atop each stem is an almost perfectly spherical inflorescence up to 6 cm in diameter, packed with blue-gray disc florets. The fruit is a hairy cylindrical achene about 7 to 8 mm long.
Biology : It flowers from June until September. Melliferous plant. It attract numerous insects of various families, including Apidae, Curculionidae, Cerambycidae, Cetonidae…
Habitat: It grows in wasteland, quarries, ditches, by roadsides, in lower altitudes of milder regions. Up to 1700 m.
Distribution: Native probably of Southern Europe and southern parts of Central Europe, Caucasus and Southern Siberia. Now naturalized in almost all Central Europe and Northern America.
Blamey M., Grey-Wilson Ch., 2005. Wild Flowers of the Mediterranean, Domino Guides, London.
Rose F., 1981. The Wild Flower Key. Frederick Warne & Co. pp. 386–387. ISBN 0-7232-2419-6.