Pyrrhula pyrrhula Linnaeus, 1758 ♀
Common names: Eurasian Bullfinch, Bullfinch [En], Bouvreuil pivoine [Fr], Gimpel [De], Camachuelo común [Es], Ciuffolotto [It], Goudvink [Nl], Domherre, Hög häck [Sw], Bayağı şakrak kuşu [Tu], πύρρουλας, πετρίτης [Gr]
Hamoir ● Belgium
The scientific name of this bird, Pyrrhula, comes from the Greek πυρρός [pyrros] or red- flame-coloured. This stocky finch has a stubby bill, a black face and cap, a white bar on the black wings, and a white rump. Males have blue-grey upperparts and bright red underparts whilst females are duller with pinkish-brown underparts.
Habitat: Breeds and winters in orchards, parks, woodlands and scrub.
Migration: Birds in south and west Europe are sedentary. Birds from further north are migratory.
Range: Central and northern Europe from the Atlantic coast of Western Europe and Morocco to the Pacific coasts of Russia and Japan. Bullfinches are in serious trouble in Britain, with the population down by 62 per cent in 35 years.
Peterson, R.T., Mountfort, G., Hollom. (1993) Collins Field Guide. Birds of Britain and Europe. Harper Collins, London.