Zygaena ephialtes Linnaeus, 1767
Common names: Variable Burnet [En], Zygène de la Coronille, Zygène variable [Fr], Veränderliches Rotwidderchen [De]
Spil Mount, MANİSA ● Turkey
Description: Wingspan: 31-41mm. Variable species.
It exhibits geographic variation in colouration. North of the Alps it resembles other zygaenids, including the abundant Zygaena filipendulae, which has red forewing spots and red hindwing patches on a black background. The northern variant of Z. ephialtes also has a red abdominal band and is referred to as the red peucedanoid form (Turner 1971). In some parts of southern Europe, the species instead occurs as the yellow ephialtoid form. There are also regions in Europe where an intermediate variant of Z. ephialtes is found – the red ephialtoid form – which lacks hindwing patches and has white wing spots, apart from two red basal forewing spots, and has a red abdominal band. The intermediate form occurs either as a local monomorphism or in a polymorphism with one of both of the other two variants (Turner
Biology : Larva feeds on Coronilla varia and Coronilla emerus. It flies from June to August.
Habitat: Dry meadows, woodland margins, clearings, scrubs.
Distribution: Temperate Europe, Western Asia.
Leimar O., Tullberg B.S., Mallet J., 2011. Mimicry, saltational evolution and the crossing of fitness valleys, Oxford University Press.