Muscari tenuiﬂorum Tausch, 1841
Syn.: Bellevalia tenuiﬂora (Tausch) Nyman; Leopoldia tenuiﬂora (Tausch) Heldr.
Common names: Schmalblutige Traubenhyazinthe [De]
Ephesus, İZMİR ● Turkey
Description: The genus Muscari Mill. comprises about 50 species distributed from temperate Europe, the Mediterranean to Central Asia.
M. tenuiﬂorum is a bulbous perennial with a short, ﬂattened underground stem covered by enlarged and ﬂeshy cataphylls and leaf bases ( = bulbscales) functioning as storage organs. The bulb is cream-white to light yellow, 2.5–4.5 cm high and 1.8–3.2 cm in diameter when mature, covered by a greyish/brown papery tunic.
The assimilating leaves are narrow, up to 1.2(-1.5) cm wide and up to 35(- 46) cm long including underground parts. They are green to greyish-green, slightly glaucous, slightly succulent and light yellow at the base of the above ground part. Total height of the stem including inﬂorescence is 25–55 (- 75) cm. The inﬂorescence consists of fertile and sterile ﬂowers. The tubular perigone of fertile ﬂowers (6–8mm long, pale beige, the midvein of each tepal is a narrow light greenline) is sharply constricted distally and coloured dark brown/black at its tip. Sterile ﬂowers form a violet showy structure at the top of the inﬂorescence. The fruit is a capsule.
Habitat: open grassland, edges of shrubs, forests, rocky pastures and slopes.
Distribution: from south-eastern Europe (including Central Italy and Central Germany) to Anatolia, Transcaucasia and the Iranian Highland.
Herrmann N., Weiss G., Durka W., 2005 Biological ﬂora of Central Europe: Muscari tenuiﬂorum Tausch, Flora 201 (2006) 81–101.