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Briza maxima Linnaeus, 1753

Briza maxima-Vravona.jpg Thumbnails<i><b>Sympetrum fonscolombii</i></b> Sélys, 1840 ♀Thumbnails<i><b>Sympetrum fonscolombii</i></b> Sélys, 1840 ♀Thumbnails<i><b>Sympetrum fonscolombii</i></b> Sélys, 1840 ♀Thumbnails<i><b>Sympetrum fonscolombii</i></b> Sélys, 1840 ♀

Briza maxima Linnaeus, 1753
Common names: Big Quaking Grass, Great Quaking Grass, Large Quaking Grass , Quaking Grass, Blowfly Grass, Rattlesnake Grass, Shelly Grass, Shell Grass [En], Grande brize, Grande amourette, Tremble annuel [Fr], Große Zittergras [De], Sonaglini maggiori [It], Lágrimas, Pendientes, Tembladera, Bolitas de toro [Es], Βρίζα η μεγάλη, Βρίζα η μεγίστη, Καρδιές [Gr], Zembil out [Tu]

Vravona, ATTIKI ● Greece

Description: Annual grass growing to a height of 60 cm. Plant herbaceous, hermaphrodite, with erect, glabrous, unbranched stems. Leaves alternate, simple, linear, entire, from 10 to 20 cm length and 2 to 4 mm across, glabrous, pointed, with base prolonged by a sheath with a long stipule. Flowers initially whitish then brownish, grouped in flattened, oval, membranous spikelets, from 12 to 20 mm length, 7 to 10 mm across. Glumes of equal size, in the shape of a boat. Spikelets solitary or grouped by 2 to 12 in loose panicles, turned on the same side. Ovary superior. Fruits, caryopsis with seeds fused with the internal wall, 1 rounded face and 1 flattened face.

Biology : Flowering from April to August.

Habitat: Dry soils.

Distribution: Native to Northern Africa, the Azores, Western Asia and Southern Europe and is cultivated or naturalised in the British Isles, Australasia, the west of the United States, Central and South America and Hawaii.

References:
Wikipedia, Briza maxima
Servais P. & Seba P., 2011. Tilo Botanica: Flora of Tilos and of the Dodecanese




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