Anacridium aegyptium Linnaeus, 1764
Common names: Egyptian Locust [En], Criquet égyptien [Fr], Ägyptische Wanderheuschrecke [De], Langosta egipcia [Es], Αιγυπτιακό Τριζόνι [Gr], Mısır Çekirgesi [Tu]
Tekkedere, İZMİR ● Turkey
Description: It is one of the largest European grasshoppers. The adult males grow up to 30–55 millimetres (1.2–2.2 in) long, while females reach 65–70 millimetres (2.6–2.8 in) of length.
Their body is usually grey, brown or olive coloured, the antennae are relatively short and robust. Tibiae of the hind legs are blue, while femora are orange. The hind femora have characteristic dark marks. It is easily identifiable also by the characteristic eyes with vertical black and white stripes. The pronotum shows a dorsal orange stripe and several white small spots. The wings are clear with dark marks.
Biology : This species is phytophagous, essentially feeding on leaves. It is a solitary species, not harmful to crops. Adults can mainly be encountered in August and September in warm and dry habitats.
After mating these grasshoppers overwinter as adults. Spawning occurs in spring just under the soil surface and the nymphs appear in April. The nymphs have the appearance of the adults, their colour varies from yellow to bright green and ochre and the wings are absent or small, as they are gradually developed after each melting.
Habitat: Fields, orchards, garigue, dry locations.
Distribution: It is present in most of Europe, in the 'Afro-tropical ecozone', in eastern Palearctic ecozone, in the Near East and in North Africa.
Wikipedia, Anacridium aegyptium